We can not say with complete certainty that sleep apnea caused the injury, but what we found is an extremely strong association between adjustments in the neurons of the hippocampus and the proper frontal cortex and IQ and other cognitive functions where children with OSA rating poorly, Halbower says. Kids with OSA experienced lower mean IQ test scores than kids without OSA . Children with OSA performed even worse on standardized testing measuring executive functions also, such as verbal working memory and word fluency . Using magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging, which plots peak levels of brain chemicals in the form of graphs, experts compared the ratios between each two of three chemical substances – N-acetyl aspartate , creatine and choline – in kids with apnea and in those without.Dr. McBranch and his group are currently operating with Toshiba to develop a special imaging technology that detects muons, subatomic particles that may help in the creation of three-dimensional images of the reactor cores. Muons, as described by NYT, change direction if they react with atomic nuclei, providing information regarding the target’s size and density. I’d expect to be able to distinguish fairly readily between what will be described as random results from the meltdown, versus manufactured structural components, described Stanton D.